72.00 300.00 uuid:1233577C491DDF11AE92A0F55FC5F254 • Increase international cooperation with source and transit countries, especially Nigeria, Tunisia, and Libya, on information sharing and countering trafficking rings. SUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSU5PWf8AlHoX/pws/wDbHPSUr6p/ Undercover CNN reporters, who posed as would-be migrants traveling from Nigeria to Italy in 2018, discovered that the Edo State in Nigeria is one of the largest human trafficking departure points in Africa. 300.00 lKSU5PWf+Uehf+nCz/2xz0lK+qf/AIlejf8Apvxf/PNaSnWSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJS The government did not report the extent to which it screened or identified potential trafficking cases in the inspections. ReferenceStream IOM also trained reception center staff on victim identification. JSv2H9X/APy9Z/7Du/8ASiSlfsP6v/8Al6z/ANh3f+lElK/Yf1f/APL1n/sO7/0okpX7D+r/AP5e AK4DAREAAhEBAxEB/8QBQgAAAQUBAQEBAQEAAAAAAAAAAwABAgQFBgcICQoLAQABBQEBAQEBAQAA 3/pvxf8AzzWkp1klOD9Z+s29LdiV13DGrs9W6+0tDiKqWtlrAZ9xdY3skp5rD+tvUs/qVOLjevSb The government allotted €11.1 million ($12.73 million), in addition to €11.9 million ($13.65 million) from the European Commission, for initiatives aimed at preventing and fighting labor exploitation and combating illicit labor brokers. These efforts included increasing funding for victim assistance and international cooperation on prosecutions. NGOs, however, welcomed increased scrutiny by authorities of these age-claims, and authorities more often sent victims into child protection if unable to confirm adult age-status. hymfWe6jP6hluD8sU0VOse+s7rdpaWu3jjhJTZ+o3W+ouyOquyc+7KZVWxtL77HvaC+0Vh4bYXRy KaPWumftjp1mB6no+oWnft3RtcHcbm+Hikp5HO+pWF02ttud1UUsc7a1zqCZMTGlp8ElNL9h/V// According to the latest report of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the number of potential human trafficking victims arriving in Italy by sea has increased by more than 600 per cent over the last three years, soaring from 1,500 in 2014 to more than 11,000 in 2016. Inches The government did not require victims to cooperate with law enforcement to obtain assistance and a residence permit, although NGOs and international organizations reported authorities did not consistently implement this policy and sometimes gave preference to those who cooperated. Asylum-seekers may legally work beginning two months after filing their application, although many seek illegal employment immediately in informal sectors, increasing their vulnerability to trafficking. • Improve security standards in and around reception centers to limit contact between traffickers and victims or potential victims. Traffickers often offer women and minors to travel to Europe with promises of good jobs, with an agreement of … adqHNbMy0Fpgw3btJb+9Mz2SUkx29WGQ37U9hqG6dgGsgbZnUQZSU3klKSU5PWf+Uehf+nCz/wBs KUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSnJ6z/yj0L/ANOFn/tjnpKV9U//ABK9G/8ATfi/ The government continued discussions with the EU on equitable burden-sharing for processing of arriving migrants. Traffickers frequently target unaccompanied children, including boys forced to work in shops, bars, restaurants, bakeries, or in forced begging. uuid:1133577C491DDF11AE92A0F55FC5F254 /wBsc9JSvqn/AOJXo3/pvxf/ADzWkp1klKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSU Local governments provided additional funds to victim assistance programs, although the government did not report the amount. Victims originate primarily from Nigeria and other African countries, China, and Eastern Europe, and include ethnic Roma. SklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSU5PWf8AlHoX/pws/wDbHPSUr6p/+JXo3/pvxf8A 300.00 Upon identification by authorities during initial screening upon arrival, trafficking victims were eligible for shelter in specialized facilities and could extend their temporary residence permit if employed or enrolled in a job training program. proof:pdf Uu3JxnENbawk6ABwJP4pKSpKUkpSSnJ6z/yj0L/04Wf+2OekpX1T/wDEr0b/ANN+L/55rSU6ySlJ uuid:1133577C491DDF11AE92A0F55FC5F254 Anti-mafia units prioritized investigations of criminal networks over individual cases, citing limits on available resources. Of the trafficking victims NGOs assisted, 89 percent were victims of sex trafficking or exploitation, six percent labor trafficking, one percent forced begging, one percent forced criminality, and four percent other forms or unidentified. Inches EhMTExIYFBIUFBQUEhQUGx4eHhsUJCcnJyckMjU1NTI7Ozs7Ozs7Ozs7AQ0LCxAOECIYGCIyKCEo suLRyJ9wBPCSmoa+psqFVNbWxoCbuAGwB/MpKZVM6iMgWWMYA76cPmGjsJZ/EJKb6SnhOm/VD60d Trafficking networks and gangs continued to grow more sophisticated and more violent, particularly Nigerian gangs linked to the Black Axe, Supreme Viking Confraternity, and the Eiye syndicate. uuid:1133577C491DDF11AE92A0F55FC5F254 300.00 xf8AzzWkp1klKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSU5PWf+Uehf+nCz The government also offered a single payment of €1,500 ($1,720) to victims, although NGOs noted the application procedure was overly complex and the amount insufficient. TRAFFICKING PROFILE. uuid:1133577C491DDF11AE92A0F55FC5F254 The numbers of “potential” Nigerian trafficking victims in Italy has shot up in recent years. Nigeria, Italy partner on human trafficking – Envoy On May 4, 2017 5:10 pm In News Mr Fulvio Rustico, Italian Ambassador to Nigeria, says his country is ready to partner with Nigeria … 90% of migrant women arriving into Italy from Libya arrive with bruises and other signs of violence. The government observed standard UNHCR procedures to screen for trafficking victims among asylum-seekers, although according to NGOs, authorities did not properly identify many of the victims on arrival and instead classified victims only as asylum-seekers or undocumented immigrants subject to deportation. 300.00 Operatives of the Ogun State Police Command have arrested a 35-year-old human trafficking kingpin, Comfort Innocent, for alleged abduction and trafficking of two under-aged girls. Foreign victims received assistance for up to 12 months and were eligible for temporary residency and a work permit. There was sufficient capacity of reception centers to meet demand due to stricter humanitarian protection qualifications and the overall reduction in irregular migrant arrivals. AAAAAAABAAIDBAUGBwgJCgsQAAEEAQMCBAIFBwYIBQMMMwEAAhEDBCESMQVBUWETInGBMgYUkaGx The government often housed victims and potential victims with irregular migrants, and such housing lacked adequate security against traffickers inside and outside the centers seeking to recruit victims or remove those already under their control. uuid:1233577C491DDF11AE92A0F55FC5F254 Inches This was the first extraterritorial conviction in Italy for trafficking and related crimes committed by a foreigner in Libya. NGOs continued to stress the need for longer time periods for screening of migrants at arrival ports to more accurately ascertain victim status, but they acknowledged conditions were not conducive to a stay there beyond one or two days. Local authorities and NGOs continued to distribute brochures, posters, bumper stickers, and media advertisements providing information on victim assistance. p5pEvA9o80lIIyr6xDmbC2Q5u5pfPE6e0eMH7klMaLbW3+nY6S4wZ8YnTnXTgaAc6pKbiSnyjoX1 The Government of Italy does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. Comfort Innocent, has confessed that she trafficked teenagers from Nigeria to Italy through the crisis-ridden Libya for prostitution. For nearly three decades, a thriving sex-trafficking industry has been operating between Nigeria and Italy. According to the government, 3,534 unaccompanied children arrived in 2018, mostly boys and the majority from Africa, a significant decline from 15,731 arriving in 2017 and 25,846 in 2016. 72.00 Increasingly, the Nigerian migrants being forced into prostitution are minors, some as young as 13, according to the International Organization for Migration's 2017 report on human trafficking. The government decreased law enforcement efforts. Many of these victims are trapped refugees who do not have enough money to finish traveling across the Mediterranean Sea into Europe. uuid:1233577C491DDF11AE92A0F55FC5F254 Global AIDS Coordinator and Global Health Diplomacy, Special Presidential Envoy for Hostage Affairs, Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation, Special Representative for Syria Engagement, U.S. Security Coordinator for Israel and the Palestinian Authority, Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security, Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance, Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights, Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, Office of International Religious Freedom, Office of the Special Envoy To Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism, Office of the U.S. Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, Under Secretary for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment, Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, Office of the Science and Technology Adviser, Bureau of Information Resource Management, Bureau of the Comptroller and Global Financial Services, Office of Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service, Office of Management Strategy and Solutions, Bureau of International Organization Affairs, Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs, Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs.

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