To some extent, these things are true. Oligarchybibliography [1]The word “oligarchy” and the concepts which it symbolizes originated in ancient Greece. All rights reserved. Sparta also had an assembly just like Athens, but the main decisions were taken by the “Council of Elders” with two kings … Hellenistic kings and Rome promoted oligarchy and monarchy in Greece. form of governance in which administrative power is vested in a few people in the society Although, the other government forms such as monarchy, aristocracy, oligarchy and tyranny had fulfilled their political functions at the time in Greece, they appeared to be inferior to the democratic system. Before Ancient Greece developed into the governments that existed later on, most of the areas were structured as oligarchies. And the one that became an oligarchy before it’s eventual collapse. As mentioned above, Athens was one of the more well known of the oligarchies and once the general population became tired of being ruled by only a small minority of its citizens, they revolted. Oligarchy, government by the few, especially despotic power exercised by a small and privileged group for corrupt or selfish purposes. Under Macedonian rule of Greece, tyrannies by pro-Macedonians were imposed on Athen's allies against Macedon. In this, the seeds of Athenian democracy can be seen. Even though they were different they were still very alike. Create your account. Those that promote the benefits of “democracy” leave one thing out; it is always replaced with an oligarchy. Although we know that there is a period of time where the oligarchies were extremely common in Ancient Greece, not much is known about them, especially early on. Government by a small group is by definition an oligarchy. and in some places, like the city-state of Athens, the oligarchical system remained for much longer. These people may be distinguished by nobility, wealth, education, corporate, religious, political, or military control. The city-states of Athens and Sparta are the best representatives of democracy and oligarchy, respectively. Parthenon, a temple. Sparta is unable to have an oligarchy because they have two kings that have no power to the people. The city-states of Athens and Sparta are the best representatives of democracy and oligarchy, respectively. The Spartan Empire Spartan Government: An oligarchy system was adopted in Sparta. Athenian Democracy: Solon and Cleisthenes, Pericles of Athens: Facts, Achievements & Death, Significance of Citizenship in Ancient Greece, Trade & Commerce in Greek City-States & the Mediterranean Region, Absolute Monarchy: Definition, Characteristics & Examples, What is a Dictatorship? In the oligarchy system, few people has the power to rule. Ironically, as only around 150,000 of the 800,000+ people in Athens were elgible to vote, Athens could also be called an oligarchy (might want to mention that to the teacher just to annoy them) Democracy, which had prevailed during Athens’ Golden Age, was replaced by a system of oligarchy after the disastrous Athenian defeat in Sicily in 409 BCE. Athens vs. Sparta Essay 1193 Words | 5 Pages. Later this oligarchy was ruled out of power by the oligarchy of 5000. Critias was killed in the fighting at the doors of Athens. Oligarchy (from Greek ὀλιγαρχία (oligarkhía); from ὀλίγος (olígos) 'few', and ἄρχω (arkho) 'to rule or to command') is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of people. Comments Off on All About the Oligarchy of Ancient Greece. Later Athens came to be ruled by the people as a democracy whilst Sparta remained an oligarchy. classical Athens was a democracy, nor that Thebes was an oligarchy, but many constitutional forms lie in a gray haze, and there has been relatively little systematic discussion of anything other than democracy and tyranny in recent years. The Athenian coup of 411 BC was the result of a revolution that took place during the Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta. Athens. Ancient Athens, or rather ancient Greece, was an oligarchy for a period of time before revolutions began to occur around 500 BC. Athens vs. Sparta During the times of Ancient Greece, two major forms of government existed, democracy and oligarchy. A reappraisal of the taxonomy of oligarchy is warranted. Athens vs. Sparta During the times of Ancient Greece, two major forms of government existed, democracy and oligarchy. Where the wealthy people control the government and eventually reduce the rest of society to slave or serfs serving them. From this revolution, the democracy came into being. Those that promote the benefits of “democracy” leave one thing out; it is always replaced with an oligarchy. States calling … We know that in 411 BCE in Athens, ‘the oligarchy of the 400’ took power out of the hands of the Assembly and were themselves superseded by a more moderate oligarchy of 5000. Athens had an oligarchy in which several wealthy people ruled the government, while the United States is a republic in which all its citizens take part in government. Parthenon, a temple. Athens and Sparta were two different political parties, Athens was a democracy, and Sparta was an oligarchy. Learn term:athens democracy = sparta: oligarchy with free interactive flashcards. The eventual democratic system required that the eligible citizens vote on any decision that the population needed to make. Athens vs. Sparta During the times of Ancient Greece, two major forms of government existed, democracy and oligarchy. Start studying Chapter 5 Section 2. Introduction and Background. The coup overthrew the democratic government of ancient Athens and replaced it with a short-lived oligarchy known as the Four Hundred. The power in Athens was held by the people, and in Sparta there were two kings and 5 Ephors who made laws. When Athens lost a battle to Sicily, around thirty tyrants formed an oligarchy in Athens. Historians have argued that the violence and brutality the Thirty carried out in Athens was necessary to transition Athens from a democracy to an oligarchy. Sparta was ruled by an oligarchy whereas Athens was a democracy 2 What were the from APWH 486950435 at Freedom High School The two city-states that best represent each form of government were Sparta (oligarchy) and Athens (democracy). These few people generally belong to the rich and powerful section of the society. https://www.answers.com/Q/Why_was_Athens_considered_at_one_point_oliga… Overall, it was this group of nobles, the Are… In its basic use, the word identified one of the general forms of government recognized by the Greeks: that in which political government is conducted by a few persons or families. After the Greek Dark Ages, the population in that region scattered and the city-states arose sometime after that. The Athenian Revolution (508–507 BCE) was a revolt by the people of Athens that overthrew the ruling aristocratic oligarchy, establishing the almost century-long self-governance of Athens in the form of a participatory democracy – open to all free male citizens. The politicians were also voted in by the public. Although, the other government forms such as monarchy, aristocracy, oligarchy and tyranny had fulfilled their political functions at the time in Greece, they appeared to be inferior to the democratic system. By as early as 800... See full answer below. Much of the credit goes to Cleisthenes whose reforms turned Athens from an oligarchy (government by the few) to a democracy (government of the people). The Spartan Empire Spartan Government: An oligarchy system was adopted in Sparta. The correct option is (A) Athens. During the eighth century the monarchy was replaced with nine Archons, meaning ruler in Greek. However, democracy wasn’t developed until much later on in Ancient Greece and it also took some time for the city-states to actually develop. Athens had an alliance system that gave all members a voice in the government, while the United States has a democratic system that elects officials to make decisions. on All About the Oligarchy of Ancient Greece. How Did Traditional Greek Folk Dancing Get Started. However, this oligarchy had a violent, dramatic ending that helped develop democracy, which is a novel system of government that we still embrace today. But it was the best government up to that time and superior to what most of the ancient world was living under. In Ancient Greece, may city-states remained as oligarchies even longer than Athens did. Aftermath. In 404 BCE, following the defeat of the Athenian military forces in Sicily, there was an oligarchy of ‘ the Thirty Tyrants ’ in Athens which was a particularly brutal regime, noted for its summary executions. For example, before building the Athenian navy, the politicians who advocated for it needed to convince the voters that building the navy was in the city-state’s best interest. Ancient Greece, and Athens for that matter, is known for being the birthplace of democracy, however, true democracy only lasted there from the early 6th century until the late 4th century BC. 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